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The Road to Liberation - 22nd January 1941


Good morning everyone


It looks right now we are set to restart on or around the 3rd of February. We will need to reschedule a few of the tours. And for the volunteers, we could be resuming survey and maintenance on Sunday the 7th of February, obviously following Government guidelines.


Have a fantastic day!

thanks

Phil

Occupation Focus


Above (top) is the German Resistance Nest Fliquet Found on the North East coast. Fliquet Tower was constructed before 1790s and is believed to have been constructed to the same design as St Catherine Tower. At some point, the mâchicoulis were removed reducing the height of the tower. During the Occupation, the Germans modified the area including the tower. They made use of a telephone cable running ashore from France, please see our blog from the 31st July 1940 to read about the cable. Weapons and Equipment

One light Machine Gun 34 One heavy Machine Gun 34 One 5cm Russian mortar One 10.5cm French gun One 40cm hand searchlight One flare apparatus


As always, much more information on the blue link


80 years ago today in Jersey 22nd January 1941


Several ships arrived having come from Cherbourg to now birth in St Helier Harbour. This was the reason for local vessels to be removed from the Harbour which was ordered on the 15th of January.


Germans warn occupiers of buildings in the vicinity of the Harbour to protect their windows.


German Court passes sentence of five years in connection with the rape of local women by two German soldiers in St. Martin's on November 26th, 1940.


Further afield

22nd January 1941


Tobruk, Libya

Tobruk surrenders to British and Australian troops who capture 25,000 Italians, along with 208 guns and 87 tanks. Combined British and Australian losses were about 450. The British government now orders Wavell’s XIII Corps to capture Benghazi.

Italian Cruiser San Giorgio had been used as a flak ship in Tobruk harbour. She had been damaged by RAF bombers but her guns continued to defend against the tank attack she was scuttled on the 80 years ago today.


A British soldier looks over captured Italian 149-35 and 120-25 guns at Tobruk, on or about 22 January 1941.



The January book recommendation is "A Hero Among Millions."

A touching story by a son of a quiet hero/ survivor of World War II who happened to be the commander of Squadron 34 who operated in the Channel Island waters.


Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61


Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -

T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43

T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42 

T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44

Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45 

T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558

T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41 

T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944  Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board

BBC News & Archives

The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research After the Battle Multiple Magazines

The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book, 1939-1945 Jersey Heritage Archive

CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com and we will resolve asap.


Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest

Jägerstand

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

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