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The Road to Liberation - 8th January 1941


Good morning everyone


Thank you to the those messaging about the announced Govemrnet support for Visitor attractions and Events businesses. Sadly like all the other "support schemes" offered by the Government / Jersey Tourism we do not qualify. In this case, they have set the minimum turnover for the organisation at £300,000 per year, which we are not even close too. It will, however, provide support to many commercial operations which is a great thing.


We will continue to work hard & work with other small organisations who are in the same position and never give up! COVID will not beat us it will just make us stronger.


Thank you for all the support and have a great day!

thanks

Phil

Occupation Focus


Above (top) is the German Resistance Nest La Crabiere. Built as part of the anti-tank wall PzM 2 it had one left and one right-handed Type 631 casemate housing 4.7cm Pak K36(t) guns. Also included a water pumping bunker (type 646). All remain but entrances are buried.


80 years ago today 8th January 1941

Today would be the 192nd day of the Islands Occupation with 1,582 days remaining.

" Ice-bound roads make conditions difficult for horse and motor traffic. Quantity of letters received through the International Red Cross is being dealt with by the "Bailiff's Enquiry and News Office". Germans open their own Field Post Office in Beresford Street."


Leslie Sinel

Civilian working at the Evening Post

Further afield

8th January 1941


80 years ago this evening the RAF send 32 Bombers to Wilhelmshaven, Germany.

The target at Wilhelmshaven was the battleship Tirpitz. Crews reported bombs straddling the Tirpitz and many fires. THe town of Wilhelmshaven reports heavy damage in various parts of the town with 12 people killed and adds the comment that this was the first large raid for the local air-raid services.


The German Battleship Tirpitz was the second of two Bismarck-class battleships built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine prior to and during the Second World War.




The January book recommendation is "A Hero Among Millions."

A touching story by a son of a quiet hero/ survivor of World War II who happened to be the commander of Squadron 34 who operated in the Channel Island waters.


Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61


Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -

T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43

T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42 

T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44

Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45 

T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558

T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41 

T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944  Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board

BBC News & Archives

The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research After the Battle Multiple Magazines

The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book, 1939-1945 Jersey Heritage Archive

CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com and we will resolve asap.


Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest

Jägerstand

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

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Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207