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  • Phil (JWT Admin)

The Road to Liberation - 23rd January 1941


Good morning everyone


There is a busy weekend ahead, we are starting a new survey and the aim this weekend is to set up the framework for approval by the landowner and states. Breaks will be spent on working on the flood at the tunnel and then aim to clean 5 more guns.


Have a fantastic day!

thanks

Phil

 

80 years ago today in Jersey 23rd January 1941


It is reported to the locals that yesterday, 80 years ago, a German Junkers Ju 88A crashed at Jersey Airport due to pilot error on landing, the crew survive.


Two new German orders published concerning rationing (below)


Today would be the 207th day of the Islands Occupation with 1,567 days remaining.



German Junkers Ju 88A

 

Further afield

23rd January 1941


Atlantic

Five Norwegian ships transport 25,000 tons of special steel products from Sweden to Britain, in a move called Operation Rubble. All five ships - vessels “Elizabeth Bakke”, “John Bakke”, “Tai Shan”, “Taurus”, and “Ranja” - make it through German-controlled water, to Royal Navy escort to Kirkwall, Scotland.


S.S. Langleegorse

She was bombed and sunk off the west coast of Ireland on a voyage from Durban to London with a cargo of maize with the loss of 37 lives

S.S. Lurigethan

She was also bombed and sunk off the west coast of Ireland, 15 crew members and one gunner were lost.


Scotland, Fife

80 years ago today a sea mine was spotted on the beach at West Wemyss. It was in danger of being washed towards the village. Peter Graham, who was just 15, and four men from a nearby pit attempted to retrieve it but the mine exploded and they were all killed. The blast was so fierce it blew the windows out of the orangery at Wemyss Castle.


RAF Action

28 Wellingtons and 12 Blenheims Bombers sent to Düsseldorf. No losses.


 

Occupation Focus


The cover of today's blog is the German Resistance Nest Albert Pier is found at St Helier Harbour and well worth a walk around to spot all the traces from WW2. Also see the invasion page, as this is one of the placed bombed by the Germans in 1940.

Weapons and Equipment

One 3.7 Pak 35/36

Three 2cm Flak 38

One 60cm Searchlight

One MG 311(f)

One MG 15

Two 9mm MP40's

Nineteen 98k Rifles


As always, much more information on the blue link



 

The January book recommendation is "A Hero Among Millions."

A touching story by a son of a quiet hero/ survivor of World War II who happened to be the commander of Squadron 34 who operated in the Channel Island waters.

 

Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61


Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -

T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43

T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42 

T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44

Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45 

T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558

T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41 

T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944  Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board

BBC News & Archives

The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research After the Battle Multiple Magazines

The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book, 1939-1945 Jersey Heritage Archive

CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com and we will resolve asap.


Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest

Jägerstand

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun