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The Road to Liberation - 21st February 1941



Good Morning


I hope you are enjoying this weekend, lots of work being done behind the scenes this weekend to get us up and running on the project side of our work. The tours are back on and the next step is to welcome back the volunteers and get cracking on our self-funded WW2 projects:


Maintenance work and restoration at Greve de Lecq Tower

Research and maintenance to protect and understand the German Tunnel Complex Ho19

Continuing research and survey work at German Tunnel Ho5

Continued 3d scanning of the WW2 sites in Jersey and Normandy

+ New project coming soon


As a non-profit organisation, the above is funded by you joining us on tours and seeing behind the scenes of these WW2 projects.


For volunteering at our sites for research and maintenance please contact us so we can come up with a rota and more details for you info@jerseywartours.com


Jump to cover photo details here


80 years ago today in Jersey 21st February 1941


Today would be the 236th day of the Islands Occupation with 1,538 days remaining.


Warnings are issued to the public about shooting practice close to Grosnez. There are also more orders about rationing.





Further afield

21st February 1941


The commonwealth graves commission record 192 deaths this day 80 years ago, the average age was 27.


RAF Action

34 Wellingtons bombers sent to bomb Wilhelmshaven Germany,1 lost. Wilhelmshaven diary has no entry. 42 Hampdens minelaying off Brest. No losses. Minor Operations: 7 Whitleys to Dfisseldorf, 7 Blenheims to airfields in France and Holland, 3 Wellingtons to Boulogne. 1 Wellington lost.


Atlantic

British anti-submarine trawler HMT Lincoln City shot down a German bomber but was then bombed and sunk at Tórshavn, Faroe Islands, killing 8.


Luftwaffe Action

On the 21st two Heinkels 111 unsuccessfully attacked the oil cisterns at Thorshaven in the Faeroe Islands. ELM. Trawler Lincoln City was sunk and one enemy aircraft was shot down.



Below an interesting document concerning the vulnerability of Whitehall to Air Attack




Occupation Focus


The cover of today's blog is the German Resistance Nest High Tower . Found on the West Coast of Jersey, try the 3d tour to explore the personnel shelter. The German's destroyed the Napoleonic Round Tower "High Tower" to install this resistance nest.


Weapons and Equipment

Two sMG 34 One 5cm LeGrenatwerfer 36 mortar Two 4.7cm Pak K36(t) both attached with MG37(t) machine-guns One 10.5cm K 311(f) in a Jäger type casemate One medium flame-thrower One 40cm searchlight



Book Recommendation


The February book recommendation is "Six Days." The story centres around the paratroopers of the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division and the brave citizens of the quiet French hamlet. The battle of Grainges maybe not be known as some of the invasion stories but this beautifully illustrated novel captures the true story.



Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61


Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -

T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43

T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42 

T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44

Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45 

T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558

T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41 

T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944  Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board

BBC News & Archives

The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research

Cabinet Papers Second World War memoranda (cab 661- cab 665) After the Battle Multiple Magazines

The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book, 1939-1945 Jersey Heritage Archive

CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com and we will resolve asap.


Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest

Jägerstand

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

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Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207