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The Road to Liberation - 18th February 1941



Good Morning


We are now open, we have in place all that is needed under the law + guidance and have signed up to the visit safe scheme, there is obviously going to be some rules to all this to protect you and us, but that will be explained prior to joining us on a tour. So, if you are waiting to rebook please contact us otherwise the booking page has all the 2020-21 dates here


For volunteering at our sites for research and maintenance please contact us so we can come up with a rota and more details for you info@jerseywartours.com


Jump to cover photo details here


80 years ago today in Jersey 18th February 1941


Today would be the 233rd day of the Islands Occupation with 1,541 days remaining.


Islanders start to receive news from relatives off-island via the red cross.

There are yet more changes to rations.


Further afield

18th February 1941


The commonwealth graves commission record 267 deaths this day 80 years ago, the average age was 31.


Atlantic

The Humber Minesweepers had a successful day on the 18th when 30 acoustic and five magnetic mines were detonated.


H.M.S. Plover laid 240 mines in St. George's Channel. Minelaying by aircraft has taken place off the Norwegian, French Atlantic and Dutch coasts.


German submarine U-96 sank British ship Black Osprey 140 miles south of Iceland at 0227 hours; 25 were killed, 11 survived. German submarine U-103 sank British ship Seaforth 330 miles south of Iceland at 2133 hours. 59 survivors took to lifeboats, but they were never seen again.


Luftwaffe Action

German aircraft mined the Suez Canal in Egypt, forcing the transit of carrier HMS Formidable (below) into the Mediterranean Sea to be delayed.


Occupation Focus


The cover of today's blog is the German MP2 Tower, for Naval artillery direction and rangefinding. The Marine Peilstand 2 Tower (Meßstellung 2), is one of three finished, however, the original plans where to have nine of these towers. The Forth had been started with two floors built. But they stopped the construction when removing slave, forced and German workers from the islands, sending them to France for work on the Atlantic wall defences.


Book Recommendation


The February book recommendation is "Six Days." The story centres around the paratroopers of the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division and the brave citizens of the quiet French hamlet. The battle of Grainges maybe not be known as some of the invasion stories but this beautifully illustrated novel captures the true story.



Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61


Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -

T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43

T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42 

T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44

Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45 

T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558

T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41 

T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944  Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board

BBC News & Archives

The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research

Cabinet Papers Second World War memoranda (cab 661- cab 665) After the Battle Multiple Magazines

The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book, 1939-1945 Jersey Heritage Archive

CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com and we will resolve asap.


Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest

Jägerstand

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

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