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The Road to Liberation - 4th January 1941


Good morning everyone


My weekend exploring did not happen and has been delayed, update soon. for those on tours booked in later this month, I am hoping the restrictions in place now will be complete by then, the COVID numbers seem to be dropping, but please keep tuned in.


Have a great day!

thanks

Phil

Occupation Focus


Above is Resistance Nest Bonne Nuit Fort situated in the North of the island and available for holiday lets!


Weapons and Equipment

Two light Machine Gun 13’s

One 8.2cm Russian mortar

One 3.7cm Anti-Tank Gun

Objective and Function (translated)

The Resistance Nest Bonne Nuit Fort has orders to prevent attacks against Giffard Bay and Bonne Nuit Bay. By attack from the sea work together with Bonne Nuit Harbour, by an attack from the land work together with Resistance Nest Jasmin.




80 years ago today 4th January 1941

Today would be the 188th day of the Islands Occupation with 1,586 days remaining.

German issue an order advising the planned change of curfew hours "All inhabitants must be in their houses by 9 p.m., in the town of St Helier by 10 pm, they shall not leave their homes before 6 am"


Further afield

4th January 1941


80 years ago Bristol suffered its longest air raid, lasting 12 hours; during which the Luftwaffe dropped their biggest bomb on the city. It was nicknamed "Satan" (below) and weighed 4,400 lb, it did not explode, and was recovered. The bomb disposal crew had to dig down 29 feet (8.8 m) to get to it. The bomb was later paraded through the streets of London during the VE Day Victory Parade.



The January book recommendation is "A Hero Among Millions."

A touching story by a son of a quiet hero/ survivor of World War II who happened to be the commander of Squadron 34 who operated in the Channel Island waters.


Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61


Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -

T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43

T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42 

T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44

Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45 

T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558

T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary

(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41 

T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944  Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board

BBC News & Archives

The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research After the Battle Multiple Magazines Jersey Heritage Archive

CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com and we will resolve asap.


Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest

Jägerstand

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

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Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207