The Road to Liberation - 17th February 1941
Hope you are all having a good week. We are working on steps for the return of volunteering at our projects and sites and hope to have some firm dates on this tomorrow.
80 years ago today in Jersey 17th February 1941
Today would be the 232nd day of the Islands Occupation with 1,542 days remaining.
Local diaries record an increase in known thefts, such as pigs and food supplies. Its also noted that rationing is flawed with some families receiving less than others.
17th February 1941
The commonwealth graves commission record 205 deaths this day 80 years ago, the average age was 30.
H.M. Ships Southern Prince and Port Quebec laid 1,110 mines between the Faroes and Iceland.
Just after midnight, German Sub U-101 sinks British SS Gairsoppa (below) 370 miles West of Cornwall, England. 82 crew and 2 gunners are killed.
British tanker MV Edwy R. Brown is left burning and sinking 100 miles South of Iceland after U-103 hits her with 5 torpedoes, 48 crew and 2 gunners abandon ship in 2 lifeboats but they are never found. U-69 sinks British MV Siamese Prince, 200 miles northwest of Outer Hebrides, Scotland. She is 1 day from reaching Liverpool, sailing from New York, USA, via Nassau, Bahamas. The 48 crew, 1 gunner and 8 passengers take to the lifeboats but all are lost in rough seas.
On the night of 17th February 1941, a bomb fell onto an archway shelter at London Bridge Station where people were sheltering from an air raid. 68 died and 175 were injured.
In a daylight attack by a single enemy aircraft at Invergordon on the 17th a cistern containing 4,000 tons of oil fuel was demolished. On the night of the 17th/18th the Royal Naval Base building at Yarmouth was demolished by a direct hit from a bomb.
The cover of today's blog is the German East Sector Command found at La Hougue Bie
The February book recommendation is "Six Days." The story centres around the paratroopers of the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division and the brave citizens of the quiet French hamlet. The battle of Grainges maybe not be known as some of the invasion stories but this beautifully illustrated novel captures the true story.
Exploring bunkers Always get permission from the owner Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 61
Sources of Information German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK T-78 Roll 317: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1940-44 -
T-78 Roll 318: OKH Coastal and Channel Defenses Files 1941-43
T-315 Roll 1639: 216th Security Division War Diary
(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-42
T-1022 Roll 2423: Various War Diaries (Kriegstagebucher), Channel Islands 1941-44
Atlantic Wall Coastal Battery Lists: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, & France 1944-45
T-312 Roll 1559: 7th Army War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), France 1941-43 & T-312 Roll 1558
T-315 Roll 1643: 216th Security Division War Diary
(Kriegstagebuch), Belgium, France & Russia 1939-41
T-311 Roll 16: Army Group D War Diary (Kriegstagebuch), Western Front Aug-Nov 1944 Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584 Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1942-45 German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42 B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45) German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Artillery Evaluation Board
BBC News & Archives
The Britannica Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2 Operation Nestegg Plans Operation Hardtack Plans Operation Basalt Plans RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
The National Archive of Newspapers Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez Photo's and information provided by fans Onsite visits & internet research
Cabinet Papers Second World War memoranda (cab 661- cab 665) After the Battle Multiple Magazines
CIOS Archive & Publications (become a member here)
If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will resolve asap.
Jersey War Tours is Registered with the Jersey Financial Services Commission as a Non-Profit Organisation - NPO1207
Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN) A small pocket of resistance would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun. Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP) Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert Feldwache = Field Watch Early resistance nest
Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun