Occupation Timeline

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Liberation of Guernsey

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May

1945

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Liberation of Jersey

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May

1945

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Winston Churchill announces the Surrender of Germany

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May

1945

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Channel Island Commander Appointed

Erich Gusseck is appointed Commander of the Channel Islands

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July

1940

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Capture of Jersey

June

1940

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Capture of Guernsey

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June

1940

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German Air Raids

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June

1940

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German Air Raid on the Channel Islands

June

1940

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Official Communication received the islands will not be defended

Lieutenant-Governor receives a call from the London and scribes the following message on the back of an Envelope 'War Cab decision is the island of Jersey is to be demilitarised. All tps to be withdrawn. Further instrs regarding the Lt. Gov will be sent. From Maj. Percival A.C.I.G.S' A further communication is sent repeating that the islands will be be defended and are deemed 'open towns'

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June

1940

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General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Jersey Airport

After the German Invasion of France, Charles de Gaulle stops over in Jersey on his way from France to England. During his couple of hours in the Island he goes for lunch at the Alexandra Hotel and purchased a case of Jonnie Walker Whisky

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June

1940

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Evacuation of British Expeditionary Forces from Saint Malo

Operation Aerial was the evacuation of Allied forces and civilians from ports in western France. Lieutenant Governor of Jersey, Major General Harrison, receives a request from London asking for all available small craft to be sent to St Malo to help with the evacuation of the B.E.F. There. The ask of the civilian fleet was to ferry troops out to the waiting steamers that were too large to enter the Harbour there.

​That evening the first convoy of boats, an old RNLI lifeboat, Klang II, Teaser, St Clement and Clutha left Jersey with the States of Jersey launch. The second group of 13 larger craft - Ma Mie, Fiona, Desiree, Caillou, Lenoiroit, Sibelle, Daddy, Girl Joyce, Solace, Diana, Laurie, Parson and Lindolet left Jersey the next day. At St Malo, the Jersey craft operated under the orders of the Senior Naval Officer and were soon engaged in ferrying men and equipment to larger vessels waiting outside the port. The last people to be brought off were members of a demolition party sent to blow up a fuel depot and the lock gates, and as they left the German forces were just five miles away.

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June

1940

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Failed Allied Raids

Small scale raids by allied forces fail. These raids highlight the vulnerabilities of the islands to attack.

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First island fortifications built

Initial light anti aircraft positions appear across the island. These basic

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Erich Gusseck Replaced

1st Island Commander Erich Gusseck replaced by Dr Dannenbereg

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Commander of Channel Islands appointed

Obrest Ruolf von Schmettow appointed Commander of the Channel Islands

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Von Schmettow arrives in Jersey

Obrest Ruolf von Schmettow arrives in Jersey

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Island Defense Guidelines issued

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Additional Milatary personal requested

von Schmettow requests additional troops

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First Costal Battaries are being installed

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General Staff order to attend a meeting to discuss handover of the island

General staff offices of the 216 and 319 Infantary division ordered to attend a meeting to discuss the handover of the island

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Hitler orders the Channel Islands to be manned by a full division

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319 take over defense of Channel Islands

319 Infantarty Division under the leadership of Erich Muller take over the defense of the Channel Islands. 216 Infantary Division aree relocated to Cherbourg

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Von Schmettow promoted to General Major

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Visit from Obrest Lamey to resolve command issues

Von Schmettow position renamed Befehlshaber Jersey and became the commanding officer of the 319 Infantary Division
Muller to the Fuhrer Reserve

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Operation Dryad

Operation Dryad | Jersey War Tours (jerseybunkertours.com)

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Operation Basalt

Operation Baslat | Jersey War Tours (jerseybunkertours.com)

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Lieutenant Bernard Scheidhauer and Lieutenant Henri de Bordas

On our tours, we meet a lot of people who had no idea how much went on in the Channel Islands during the Occupation, from the local resistance, RAF attacks, Commando Raids and the US Naval missions. The below story is of a German Born, Free French Airforce Pilot, Bernard Scheidhauer who crash lands on Jersey in 1942. 

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Operation Hardtack 28

Operation Hardtack 28 | Jersey War Tours (jerseybunkertours.com)

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Crash Landing of a Thunderbolt P-47

23rd of June 1944 Crash Landing of a Thunderbolt P-47 (jerseybunkertours.com)

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The downing of a Douglas C-47 over Jersey

The downing of a Douglas C-47 over Jersey (jerseybunkertours.com)

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Saving Lieutenant Moutray 

On the 07th January 1945, (the day prior to the escape of Captain Clark & Lt Haas) Lt Kelly Ricardo Moutray (27 years old) was flying a solo ferrying assignment in a Lockheed P-38J Lightning. The assignment was departing from RAF Warton (at the time referred to USAF 582) destined for Beachy Head (known as A-42). At the time of the flight, the weather conditions were poor, with rain and snow. Lt Moutray ended up crash landing over st brelade bay

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American POW Escape

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The Granville Raid

Granville Raid (jerseybunkertours.com)

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Operation Ambassador

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Operation Branford

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Operation Pussyfoot

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Operation Huckaback

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Operation Hardtack 7

Operation Hardtack 7 | Jersey War Tours (jerseybunkertours.com)

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Loss of PT509

PT509 | Squadron 34

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Sinking of the Shokeland

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Sinking of THE KROMWIJK 20-30M

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First Slave Labour arrives in the island

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Construction of HO13 Begins

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Construction of HO1 Begins

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Construction of HO16 Begins

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Construction of HO15 Begins

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