WN Nicolle Tower
Nicolle Tower was built in 1821 for Philippe Nicolle as a folly house on the site of an earlier navigation tower on Mont Ubé. It is adjacent to the Mont Ubé dolmen. During the occupation of the Channel Islands the German forces made some modifications to this tower, extending its height with a new top floor, including narrow windows, so that they could use the tower as an observation post. There are other structures near-by, including gun emplacements, and bunkers which were constructed during the occupation.
Two NCOs and sixteen Other Ranks. Reserve: two officers, six NCOs and four Artillery Other Ranks
German Record Details
3 x le.MG 34 (als s.MG eingesetzt)
2 x 8cm Gr.W.34.
1 x 4,7cm Pak k/36 (t) mit MG gekoppelt
1 x R Pz B 54.
Weapons and Equipment
Three light Machine Gun 34’s (also with heavy machine gun mounts)
Two 8cm Mortars
One 4.7cm Czechoslovakian Anti-Tank gun mounted with a Machine Gun
One Anti-Tank bazooka
Objective and Function (translated)
Resistance Nest Nicolle Tower with Strongpoint La Motte has battle orders to defend against attack from the sea, land and air. Penetration in the intervening areas, the area of the brook, Golf Course or the grounds of Samarés (Samarés Manor) enemy air landings are to be destroyed by gun-fire. Enemy approaching the Resistance Nest are to be subdued by counter-attack. Further defence of the Resistance Nest is the responsibility of Artillery Observation Post Nicolle Tower).
By attempts at landing from the sea work in co-operation with the Strongpoint La Motte. By air landings work in co-operation with the inland advancing fighting groups).
WW2 Maps & Documents
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Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.
Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP)
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere
Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post
Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert
Feldwache = Field Watch
Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun
Sources of Information
German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
T-315 Roll 1639
T-315 Roll 1643
T-311 Roll 27
T-312 Roll 1545
AOK 7 War Diary
OKW War Diary
Operation Green Arrow - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584
Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1944-45
German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)
German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Seacoast Artillery Evaluation Board
Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2
Operation Nestegg Plans
Operation Hardtack Plans
Operation Basalt Plans
RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files
A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez
Photo's and information provided by fans
Onsite visits & internet research
After the Battle Multiple Magazines
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